Toe by Toe Intervention
Toe by Toe is a highly systematic page-by-page and step-by-step series of activities in one book, delivered one-to-one, with instructions for the ‘coach’ provided for each activity. It deliberately takes learners right back to the beginning of phonics and works up from there, based on the observation that many learners with difficulties seem never to have got the hang of phonics. Unusually, many of the stimuli are non-words in order to focus learners’ attention solely on decoding and avoid guessing based on any other ‘cue’. It is suitable for any child (or adult) with reading difficulties, especially those who have been diagnosed as having specific learning difficulties.
Research, carried out by the West Dunbartonshire Literacy Initiative suggest that, when delivered meticulously, this programme can achieve useful gains in attainment.